Case Studies

Farringdon Station


Passengers at the new Farringdon Crossrail station will be greeted by a sequence of stunning concrete ceilings, writes Tony Whitehead.

HMP Five Wells


The design team optimised the DfMA component library by reducing the number of precast concrete components by almost 50%, providing a programme saving of 18.5 crane weeks per houseblock. 

Kingston Townhouse

Kingston University

The new Town House at London’s Kingston University is a mixed-use building that has in recent years become increasingly popular with academic institutions.

One Station Square


One Station Square, a six-storey BREEAM ‘Excellent’ mixed-use building utilised a precast concrete facade. The facade’s design was driven by the need to minimise solar gain whilst maintaining excellent levels of beneficial daylight along with a view out.

The Lansdowne


The Lansdowne is a 17-storey residential building in central Birmingham, with a precast structural frame, plus numerous other precast components.

Arena Central


Arena Central is a two block (17 and 22 storeys) residential development in Birmingham. The project utilised precast concrete systems including the building’s structural frame, cladding and balcony units.

Victoria & Albert Museum


The UK’s Victoria & Albert Museum stands on the waterfront of Dundee, a city in the north of Scotland. It is the first design museum in Scotland and is expected to function as a base for promoting Scottish culture.

Concrete Compass: Offsite concrete construction

Navigating to useful resources and guidance

The use of precast concrete elements is a well-established construction method. Concrete offsite solutions range from whole building and structural systems, to precast construction components, offering numerous benefits during construction and over the whole life of a building. Many of the resources related to concrete on this website are applicable to concrete offsite solutions. This compass aims to help navigate towards some of the latest information and resources, including guidance documents and case studies, that can assist in making informed design decisions related to an offsite concrete solution.

Key guidance

  • Offsite Concrete Construction is a free-to-download publication which includes guidance and benefits of using offsite concrete construction and delves into details of some of the more common techniques. This 24-page guide is a great starting point for those wanting a comprehensive overview of design considerations.
  • Residential Cellular Concrete Buildings technical guide, includes detailed ‘How-To’ guidance on construction systems, including crosswall, tunnelform and twin wall.
  • Concrete Offsite Solutions on-demand webinar This webinar explains the range of offsite solutions available in concrete and their benefits, along with design guidance for their use. 
  • Modern Methods of Construction (MMC) – a collection of solutions available using concrete. 

Focus on...

Additional resources related to specific aspects of offsite concrete are available here, including technical articles in Concrete Quarterly magazine and on-demand webinars. For a list and links to case studies of projects using offsite concrete solutions search the case studies webpage using the pre-defined filters ‘precast cladding’; ‘MMC/Structural precast’ and ‘hybrid concrete construction’. 


There are many ways in which precast concrete can be used to provide sustainability credentials to a development including local and responsible sourcing, material efficiency, durability and thermal mass as well as resilience to fire and flood. A summary of the sustainability benefits of precast concrete features in the Offsite Concrete Construction guide, published in 2019. 

Since publication there has also been significant progress in the measurement reporting and reduction in the embodied carbon of concrete, including precast concrete elements. And while reuse and repurposing of existing precast structures is becoming more common place, projects and solutions are also beginning to emerge demonstrating opportunities for precast concrete to be designed for disassembly and reuse. 

  • Material efficiency in manufacture and construction helps lower the embodied carbon of concrete offsite solutions. Structures designed using hollowcore floors, for example, utilise both pre-stressing and void formers in manufacture and have been demonstrated to offer some of the lowest carbon options through analysis in Concept v4
  • Offsite solutions in concrete are often manufactured to suit project specific criteria, which can include project specific sustainability performance from responsible sourcing, to cutting carbon. For more information see Specifying Sustainable Concrete, published in 2020.
  • Generic Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs) for a number of precast concrete products have been developed, in accordance with BS EN 15804: 2012 +A1 (2013), by MPA Precast and updates are on going. 
  • In addition MPA Precast have been assisting precast member manufacturers with the production of their own verified product EPDs by producing a life cycle assessment tool and training to members. The tool, developed with sustainability consultants, Thinkstep, has an extensive list of over 50 material inputs covering all the commonly-used aggregates, cements, reinforcements and admixtures. 
  • The precast concrete used in the UK is predominantly manufactured in the UK with distances for architectural and structural precast averaging around 124 km in the latest report
  • The UK precast concrete industry gathers and reports sustainability credentials annually as part of the industry's Sustainability Charter.

Codes and Standards

The structural design of offsite concrete construction is to Eurocode 2 (BS EN 1992-1-1) but there are further codes for precast concrete elements. The general code for all precast concrete elements is BS EN 13369 and a list of codes for specific elements, with summary descriptions, can be found here.

UK Precast Concrete

  • MPA Precast is the trade association for the UK precast concrete sector. As an industry body it operates a number of specialist product groups as well as sector schemes for health and safety, and sustainability.   
  • MPA Precast Architectural and Structural Group provides expertise and experience in offsite construction with resources on structure and facades including test reports and codes. Also available are newsletters on a vast range of construction sectors and precast concrete applications, including cladding and its use of digitalisation, such as BIM. More information.

 Back to Concrete Compass main page

On-demand webinar

Concrete Offsite Solutions webinar

This webinar gives an overview of the range of offsite solutions available in concrete in the UK, their benefits and guidance for design.